Venomous vipers and snakes

Vipera Xanthina - Ottoman Viper

Conservation status: LEAST CONCERN

Vipera Xanthina


Montivipera xanthina, commonly named Ottoman Viper, is a venomous snake. It can be found in northeastern Greece and Turkey, as well as certain islands in the Aegean Sea.

It usually grows to a total length (body + tail) of 70–95 cm (27.6-37.4 in), but reaches a maximum total length of 130 cm (51.2 in) on certain Greek islands in the Aegean Sea. Dorsally, it is grey or white with a black zig-zag stripe. Melanistic individuals exist. It has keeled dorsal scales.

Montivipera xanthina can be found living in humid areas. It favors rocky and "well-vegetated" areas for its habitats [1]


Venom. Ottoman viper is venomous snake.

There is no specific antivenom for this species [2].

Conservation status

Conservation status. This species is classified as Least Concern (LC) according to the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. It is, however, listed as strictly protected (Appendix II) under the Berne Convention. In that case you must remeber that you as a human are also dangerous for this viper and hurting or killing it is not acceptable [1].

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Useful Links:

  1. Wikipedia: Montivipera xanthina
  2. WHO: Venomous Snakes Database


Data about Montivipera xanthina viper occurence is based on the information from Wikipedia page [1]. The data are divided into two indicators: [1] - risk region [0] - secure region. The data was created based on the maps and descriptions from the corresponding Wikipedia’s websites. (See data access and policies).

Data access and policies: The data is avaible on the webpage: [1]. This data may be shared and adapted for any purpose with appriopriate credit and on the same license as metadata. More information:

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